Child Labor In America: Horrible Photographs That Show Boys At Coal And Zinc Mines From A Century Ago

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A trapper boy, one mile inside Turkey Knob Mine in Macdonald, West Virginia, 1908.

After the Civil War, the availability of natural resources, new inventions, and a receptive market combined to fuel an industrial boom. The demand for labor grew, and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries many children were drawn into the labor force. Factory wages were so low that children often had to work to help support their families. The number of children under the age of 15 who worked in industrial jobs for wages climbed from 1.5 million in 1890 to 2 million in 1910.

Businesses liked to hire children because they worked in unskilled jobs for lower wages than adults, and their small hands made them more adept at handling small parts and tools. Children were seen as part of the family economy. Immigrants and rural migrants often sent their children to work, or worked alongside them. However, child laborers barely experienced their youth. Going to school to prepare for a better future was an opportunity these underage workers rarely enjoyed. As children worked in industrial settings, they began to develop serious health problems. Many child laborers were underweight. Some suffered from stunted growth and curvature of the spine. They developed diseases related to their work environment, such as tuberculosis and bronchitis for those who worked in coal mines or cotton mills. They faced high accident rates due to physical and mental fatigue caused by hard work and long hours.

Lewis Hine, a New York City schoolteacher and photographer, believed that a picture could tell a powerful story. He felt so strongly about the abuse of children as workers that he quit his teaching job and became an investigative photographer for the National Child Labor Committee. Hine traveled around the country photographing the working conditions of children in all types of industries. He photographed children in coal mines, in meatpacking houses, in textile mills, and in canneries. He took pictures of children working in the streets as shoe shiners, newsboys, and hawkers. In many instances he tricked his way into factories to take the pictures that factory managers did not want the public to see. He was careful to document every photograph with precise facts and figures. To obtain captions for his pictures, he interviewed the children on some pretext and then scribbled his notes with his hand hidden inside his pocket. Because he used subterfuge to take his photographs, he believed that he had to be “double-sure that my photo data was 100% pure–no retouching or fakery of any kind.” Hine defined a good photograph as “a reproduction of impressions made upon the photographer which he desires to repeat to others.” Because he realized his photographs were subjective, he described his work as “photo-interpretation.”

h/t: vintag.es, Lewis Hine/Library of Congress, retronaut

At the entrance to a West Virginia mine, 1908.
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A young driver at Brown Mine in West Virginia, 1908.
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A tipple boy at Turkey Knob Mine in Macdonald, West Virginia, 1908.
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Frank, age 14. He had been working in a mine for three years and had been hospitalized for a year when his leg was crushed by a coal car, 1906.
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A boy shovels loose rock in a mine in Red Star, West Virginia, 1908.
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Shorpy Higginbotham, a worker at Bessie Mine in Alabama, 1910.
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Dave, a pusher at Bessie Mine in Alabama, 1910.
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Jim McNulty, 15, a leader inside a mine at Leadville Shaft in Pennsylvania, 1911.
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Mine workers in Nanticoke, Pennsylvania, 1911.
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Breaker boys employed by the Pennsylvania Coal Company, 1911.
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Breaker boys employed by the Pennsylvania Coal Company, 1911.
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Breaker boys employed by the Pennsylvania Coal Company, 1911.
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Mine worker Angelo Ross, who claims to be 13, but is likely younger, 1911.
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Breaker boys employed by the Pennsylvania Coal Company, 1911.
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Breaker boys employed by the Pennsylvania Coal Company, 1911.
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Breaker boys employed by the Pennsylvania Coal Company, 1911.
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Harley Bruce, a worker at Indian Mountain Mine in Tennessee, 1910.
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Arlie Fankins, 14, a shoveler in Barnesville Mine in West Virginia, 1908.
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Basil Roberts and James Hopper, both 12, cull through waste from a zinc mine in Aurora, Missouri, 1910.
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Willie Bryden, age 14, holds the door for a mule cart in a Pennsylvania mine, 1911.
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Mine workers in Gary, West Virginia, 1908.
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Breaker boys at work breaking coal. The process produces clouds of dust which coat the workers’ lungs, 1911.
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James O’Dell pushes a coal cart outside a mine in Coal Creek, Tennessee, 1910.
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Workers wait for the cage to ascend to the surface at the end of the day, 1910.
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SOURCE: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/dyt/~3/MRtEe1hPdM0/

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【動画】 西田敏行、ナイトスクープ降板を発表 11月22日が最後、関西震撼

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俳優の西田敏行(71)が18日放送のABCテレビ「探偵!ナイトスクープ」で、11月22日放送の同番組をもって、番組を降板すると発表した・・



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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10131380.html

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小学6年の女子児童(12)に乱暴したとして、厚木署は16日、強制性交の疑いで、厚木市愛名の県立障害者支援施設「愛名やまゆり園」の元園長の男(59)=中井町田中=を逮捕した・・


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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10131362.html

お父さんが好きすぎる子猫。お父さんを追って屋根の上まで上がってスリスリ

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 その子猫はお父さんのことが大好きなようだ。お父さんは屋根にのぼる作業を行おうとしていたのだが、子猫はお父さんと一緒にいたくて仕方がない。

 足元にすがる子猫をそっと台の上に置き、はしごをのぼっていったお父さん。お父さん行かないで!とばかりに子猫はその小さな体で台から飛び降りると... 続きを読む

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SOURCE: https://designyoutrust.com/2019/10/hilarious-russian-village-ads-for-hollywood-movies/

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フリーアナウンサーの田中みな実が12月13日に1st写真集を発売することが明らかになった・・



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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10131339.html

【画像】 一輪車の運搬作業を簡単に軽減できる驚きの裏技が話題に

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ベルトを1本使うだけ。







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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10131095.html

【画像】 東武スカイツリーライン・西新井駅で人身事故 「目の前で」「飛び込んだ」「肉片とか」 緊急車両集結で騒然

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西新井駅で騒動が。



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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10131329.html

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image credit:reddit

 観光やご当地グルメ、おみやげ探しなど旅先での楽しみは尽きないが、のんびりと羽を伸ばせるホテルもそのひとつだろう。

 ふかふかのベッドに、大きなバスタブ、おいしい朝食、そして心温まるおもてなしがあればもう最高の思い出になるってもんだ。

 まあそのあたりは懐具合にもよりけりだけど誰だって日常とは違う空間にある程度の期待感は持っているはずで、しかし世の中にはそれを見事に裏切るホテルも存在する(関連記事)。

 そんなわけで海外掲示板に投稿されていたあまりにも最悪すぎたホテルを見てみよう。

 潔癖症でなくてもちょっとうっ・・・となる画像があったりもするのでそのあたりは閲覧注意ってことでお願いしたいところではあるんだ。 続きを読む

SOURCE: http://karapaia.com/archives/52282758.html

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SOURCE: https://designyoutrust.com/2019/10/retiree-paints-russian-patterns-on-satellite-dishes/

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従業員の事を考えないスーパー。



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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10131114.html