Comparison of freudian and humanistic persona theories

Most people use the term "personality" to make clear the most apparent characteristics and social skills of a person. However, psychologists use the term "personality" in their attempt to explain the key reasons for people’s motivations and various reactions in specific conditions. Psychologists want to figure out why people have different individuality as personality may be the sum total of all ways of thinking, feeling and acting that are typical for just one person makes someone else so different. The research of personality include numerous aspects of human behavior. There are four unique approaches to explain personality, which happen to be psychodynamic, behavioral, biological and humanistic sights. In this article, I will compare and contrast two popular individuality theories; namely Freudian and Humanistic Individuality Theories.

Freudian Personality Theories

Freudian Personality Theory is among the most popular individuality theories. It’s been posted by Freud and produced by Freud’s students. This personality theory establishes the theory that human behavior is dominated by childhood activities that affect his/her understanding of recent occurrences. It says that if you experienced something traumatic in your childhood, it could perfectly reappear in your adulthood as traumatic recollections get repressed in our subconscious and resurface back in adulthood through various means. (Boeree, 2009) That theory comprises of the conscious-unconscious dimension. Freud’s theory of conscious-unconscious dimension thoughts declare that repressed feelings in the unconscious brain of an individual can influence his/her current or future psychological situation. For example, if a child witnessed a traumatic car crash during early years of his existence, he might grow up to truly have a phobia for driving despite the fact that the accident does not have any strong impact on a conscious level but we can see the expression of the trauma through the unconscious.


Also Freud advised that the mind offers three subsystems. The initial one may be the conscious thoughts one is aware of every instant. People’s previews experiences such as feelings, fantasies, thoughts, etc. The next one is referred to as the "preconscious" which is the thoughts a person is not immediately aware of. It really is working closely with mindful. The third subsystem may be the "unconscious". Unconscious happen to be thoughts a person is not alert to which takes me to what I explained before, our childhood experience. These may be the repressed memories of horrible encounter one had had during the past. (Boeree, 2009)

Freud believed humans were born with psychic strength or libido. This strength is the other connect to affect human’s personality. Freud termed it as Id therefore linking this libido with the mind structure. (Boeree, 2009)

Structure of Mind

Freud developed his individuality theories on the principles of id, ego and superego which helped him to improve his to knowledge of human psychology and the business of thoughts and thoughts. It is crucial to possess a good understanding of these concepts so that you can understand Freud’s theory comprehensive. Freud’s demonstrates his classification in the following way:


Id may be the most primitive driving power behind a person’s behaviors for fulfilling personal pleasure. It has been known as the irrational and emotional aspects of the mind. It will always be selfish because it always wants to do the job for the individual’s personal benefit. Also it is work with unconscious moment. (Boeree, 1997)


Ego carries the reality in principle. It is capable of understanding and taking the truth under consideration. It tries to meet the basic needs; however, it also takes the real world into consideration. The ego weighs advantages and disadvantages of a particular situation and trims to comprehend balance them out making the decision. (Boeree, 1997)


Finally, superego is founded on moral principles. This implies that it is the moral /ethical constraints of a person’s behaviors. Individual’s concepts, goals and conscience plus the contemporary society links it encompasses. The superego is concerned using what others will believe and stands in opposition to the id. It works to perfect and civilize our tendencies. It also works with morality and compromise. Superego may be the moral standard and knowledge about the social norm trained by our parents and teachers. (Boeree, 1997)

According to Freud, a healthy individual has developed a strong ego to keep carefully the id and superego in stability. If Id outweighs the impulse and desire might take over understanding that might finish up with affecting interpersonal associations. Such a person may develop prejudgment about others. Due to this fact, the interpersonal relationships might get be affected in a disadvantageous method.

In my opinion, this scenario is very applicable in everyone’s life because morality and our desires influence our lives like our id and superego. Nevertheless these diagrams result is generally our desires and environment. In this instance, Humanistic Theory set forth by Abraham Maslow, counteracts Freud’s. However, I strongly assume that the ideas of these two psychologists derive from the similar concept, reason being that our environment could impact our childhood experiences.

2-Humanistic Character Theories: Maslow and Rogers

This particular aspect of psychology is often referred to as the third drive in psychology. Essentially, humanists view people nearly as good but see society depicting a negative force that interferes with a person’s inner direct growth.

Inter-Directness and Subjectivity

According to humanists, all human possess an internal force referred inner-directness and this pushes them to expand, improve and finally reach their maximum potential. It is the primary pressure that decides the best development of the character. Although humanists have got positive view of human being species, they aren’t oblivious to the actual fact that everyone struggles at some time rather than everyone succeed. We eliminate the opportunity to grow and make correct judgments whenever we live with critical people or when culture tries to condition us into something that we are not. Therefore Maslow reached the final outcome that when basic motives are unsatisfied; it is not possible to embark additionally larger motives. The humanists in something named subjective actuality. (Lahey, 478-481) This entails that everyone opinions life on a personal level. Which means this basically implies that personality is in fact a direct reflection of the average person subjective view of certainty.

The Self Concept

This is probably the central ideas of the humanistic watch point. This notion states our subjective perception of who we are comes from self-notion. We learn our idea of "self" from our different interactions with others on unique walks of life. A good example would be, one might feel that he/she is an excellent athlete either based on observing that he/she is normally comparatively better runner than the peers or by close friends/families emphasis on this matter. Roger also points out two specific types of self: the person one thinks he/she is usually (self) and the person one anticipates to be (the perfect self).Problems arise due to excessive discrepancies between the self and the ideal self. (Layer, 478-481)

Self- Actualization

This portion of the humanistic theory emphasize on our internal get to grow and improve ourselves in search for attaining the highest level conceivable. Maslow labels this as this utmost fulfilled progress as self-actualization. This level is definitely reached when a person is fully alert to his/her potential terrain has attained the best degree of personal development. He highlights the successful accomplishment of the best level could have strong moral development so they might be caring and defensive of others. They would also be honest and also have courage to act on their convictions even if this is a hurdle for them. They might always find life complicated and also have a accurate viewpoint of life rather than a romanticized one. (Layer, 478-481)


Psychoanalysis and humanism they differ from each other in their basic views on culture and the type of human beings. The psychoanalysis theory gives a selfish and hostile watch of individuals at birth comprising of only id. Society alternatively can be regarded as the positive push that instills the ego and the superego into children and thus children have the ability to behave moral and practical way, appropriate and necessary for the social world.

To humanists nevertheless, psychoanalytic viewpoint is incorrect. They declare that we happen to be born with a positive inborn travel to grow and improve ourselves. And they object the check out the society is positive and instead watch depicts it on a negative light calling destructive as it leads people to deny their authentic feelings such as insecurity, love, jealousy and makes unattainable ideal self-concepts such that we can now witness in the media’s reinforcement of fact such as athletic, sexy, renowned, etc.

Both the theories even so considers the fact that we internalize society’s expectations into judging what’s moral and desirable action accordingly to guide to your patterns. While Freud spoke regarding the mindful (id, ego and how long should a college essay be? superego), Rogers spoke in conditions of an ideal self.


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