“The Last Days Of Martinique”: Rare Portraits Of Martinique Residents Before The Deadly Volcano Eruption In 1902

Portraits of men and women from Martinique through a collection of old postcards.

Like most of the Lesser Antilles, Martinique was built by volcanoes. It’s part of an active island arc that traces the boundary where the oceanic crust of the North American Plate subducts beneath the Caribbean Plate, forming a lush, perforated barrier between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

h/t: earthmagazine, allthatsinteresting

One of these volcanoes, Mount Pelée, sat just 7 kilometers from St. Pierre and soared almost 1,400 meters above the city. Its smooth, verdant slopes lumbered down to the sea, cut in places by deep, raw gashes. Its summit crater drew adventurous hikers who occasionally caught whiffs of putrid gases. But, as far as the residents of St. Pierre knew, Mount Pelée was a gentle giant. The volcano had creaked and grunted back in 1792, and had showered the northern lobe of Martinique with fine ash once in 1851. But after a few more coughs and some minor mudslides, Pelée fell quiet for half a century.

The eruption of Mount Pelee was the worst volcanic disaster of the 20th century. In less than a minute, the volcano eviscerated the entire city of St. Pierre, the biggest city in the Caribbean island of Martinique. More than 30,000 people died — and only three made it out alive.

In the days leading up to May 8, 1902, the volcano had been smoking and emitting vapors for days before the eruption, but locals had seen it do this before. Most thought there was no reason to worry — until a cloud of ash descended onto the city.

As it then became likely that Mount Pelee would soon erupt, panic quickly grew in the city below. Some fled, running as far out of the city as they could before the volcano could erupt.

Then, on May 8, as the people below celebrated the feast of Christ’s ascension into heaven, a gigantic mushroom cloud filled the sky. A cloud of ash surged over the city, glowing with an incredible heat of nearly 2000 degrees Fahrenheit. In less than 60 seconds, the entire city was destroyed.

People burned to death on the spot, some so quickly that they didn’t even feel a second of pain. Others felt their blood start to boil and tried to run, collapsing under pumice and hot ash with twisted, agonizing screams permanently held on their faces. The city itself burst into flames and, across Martinique, a soft snow of white ash fell from the sky.

There were only three survivors. A ten-year-old girl named Havivra Da Ifrile managed to get into a boat and row to shelter inside of a cave until rescue came. Léon Compère-Léandre, after seeing the people around him falling down dead, leaped into the boiling hot ocean. His whole body was covered in burns, but he managed to make it out alive.

The other survivor was a violent criminal, Louis-Auguste Cyparis. He was locked in solitary confinement in a stone cell when the volcano erupted, which, by chance, put him in the safest place in the city. As the city burned, Cyparis waited, his body covered in burns, for rescue. He spent four days in a burning city before the city around him cooled down enough for a relief team to come in and pull him out alive.

The rest, though, were not so lucky. Every other person in St. Pierre died in an instant, wiped out in a blanket of ash and volcanic pumice — victims of the worst volcanic disaster of the 20th century.










The post “The Last Days Of Martinique”: Rare Portraits Of Martinique Residents Before The Deadly Volcano Eruption In 1902 appeared first on Design You Trust.

SOURCE: https://designyoutrust.com/2018/05/the-last-days-of-martinique-rare-portraits-of-martinique-residents-before-the-deadly-volcano-eruption-in-1902/

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同僚が長期休暇、欠員1名のまま必死で仕事をしたらエリアマネージャーからまさかの・・ 投稿ツイートに衝撃走る

31
自分の首を絞める。



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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10016478.html

ピエール瀧から芋づる摘発 超大物お笑い芸人A、女性タレントB、超大物ミュージシャンC、男性アイドルグループメンバーD

554
グラドルの“薬物&パパ活”
その観点から「次に狙われる」と目されているのは、超大物のお笑い芸人Aだという。マトリや組対5課の動向に詳しい捜査関係者が言う・・


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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10016757.html

INCUBATE: SHIH CHIEH HUANG SOLO EXHIBITION AT RONALD FELDMAN…



INCUBATE: SHIH CHIEH HUANG SOLO EXHIBITION AT RONALD FELDMAN GALLERY via https://youtu.be/uqSE7UfAfdI // SHIH CHIEH HUANG solo exhibition at Ronald Feldman Gallery February 23 - April 13, 2019 31 Mercer Street New York, NY 10013

SOURCE: http://motioncollector.com/post/183729922048

【画像】 工藤静香、レタスシュウマイを披露も厳しい声が噴出ww 「見た目が悪すぎて・・」「めちゃまずそう・・」

sdf
歌手の工藤静香(48)がインスタグラムのストーリーズにアップした写真が話題になっている・・


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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10016487.html

洗濯機が壊れたので新たに日本製品を買おう ⇒ 衝撃事実が発覚

s5
美的集団。



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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10016484.html

ダウンタウンが「テレ朝を出禁」になった真相・・ あの番組が原因か

67
3月24日に放送されたバラエティ番組「ワイドナショー」(フジテレビ系)にて、松本人志がテレビ朝日を出入り禁止になっていると明かし、注目を集めている・・


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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10016448.html

大久保佳代子が自身の貯金額に言及! まさかの金額に視聴者驚きww

78
番組では、芸能人たちが自身の報道を訂正する企画「訂正報道 そのニュース、若干違います」を放送・・


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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10016819.html

店員が大声で談笑するフィリピンのセブンが急成長 客も店員もギスギスする日本のコンビニ

rt6
店員が実に優雅に、のんびりと商品を並べている。モップをかける店員は、大きな声で歌っている(結構うまい)。レジにいる店員2人は大爆笑しながら、はしゃいでいる・・


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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10016566.html

ピエール瀧の逮捕で「4人の芸能人」が取り調べを受けているとの情報 「人気男性アイドルグループのO」

554
「電気グルーヴをよく知る関係者から聞いた話なんですが、瀧さんは離婚の意向があるとかで、今後弁護士を通じて手続きをしていくとのことです」・・


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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10016439.html

【画像】 「イカさばいていたら中にとんでもないやつがいた・・」 専門家もびっくり、投稿写真に衝撃走るww

fdrt6
投稿したのは元漫画家でウェブディレクター兼デザイナーのツジタアヤ(@tsujita_aya)さん・・


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SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/10016811.html