“The Last Days Of Martinique”: Rare Portraits Of Martinique Residents Before The Deadly Volcano Eruption In 1902

Portraits of men and women from Martinique through a collection of old postcards.

Like most of the Lesser Antilles, Martinique was built by volcanoes. It’s part of an active island arc that traces the boundary where the oceanic crust of the North American Plate subducts beneath the Caribbean Plate, forming a lush, perforated barrier between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

h/t: earthmagazine, allthatsinteresting

One of these volcanoes, Mount Pelée, sat just 7 kilometers from St. Pierre and soared almost 1,400 meters above the city. Its smooth, verdant slopes lumbered down to the sea, cut in places by deep, raw gashes. Its summit crater drew adventurous hikers who occasionally caught whiffs of putrid gases. But, as far as the residents of St. Pierre knew, Mount Pelée was a gentle giant. The volcano had creaked and grunted back in 1792, and had showered the northern lobe of Martinique with fine ash once in 1851. But after a few more coughs and some minor mudslides, Pelée fell quiet for half a century.

The eruption of Mount Pelee was the worst volcanic disaster of the 20th century. In less than a minute, the volcano eviscerated the entire city of St. Pierre, the biggest city in the Caribbean island of Martinique. More than 30,000 people died — and only three made it out alive.

In the days leading up to May 8, 1902, the volcano had been smoking and emitting vapors for days before the eruption, but locals had seen it do this before. Most thought there was no reason to worry — until a cloud of ash descended onto the city.

As it then became likely that Mount Pelee would soon erupt, panic quickly grew in the city below. Some fled, running as far out of the city as they could before the volcano could erupt.

Then, on May 8, as the people below celebrated the feast of Christ’s ascension into heaven, a gigantic mushroom cloud filled the sky. A cloud of ash surged over the city, glowing with an incredible heat of nearly 2000 degrees Fahrenheit. In less than 60 seconds, the entire city was destroyed.

People burned to death on the spot, some so quickly that they didn’t even feel a second of pain. Others felt their blood start to boil and tried to run, collapsing under pumice and hot ash with twisted, agonizing screams permanently held on their faces. The city itself burst into flames and, across Martinique, a soft snow of white ash fell from the sky.

There were only three survivors. A ten-year-old girl named Havivra Da Ifrile managed to get into a boat and row to shelter inside of a cave until rescue came. Léon Compère-Léandre, after seeing the people around him falling down dead, leaped into the boiling hot ocean. His whole body was covered in burns, but he managed to make it out alive.

The other survivor was a violent criminal, Louis-Auguste Cyparis. He was locked in solitary confinement in a stone cell when the volcano erupted, which, by chance, put him in the safest place in the city. As the city burned, Cyparis waited, his body covered in burns, for rescue. He spent four days in a burning city before the city around him cooled down enough for a relief team to come in and pull him out alive.

The rest, though, were not so lucky. Every other person in St. Pierre died in an instant, wiped out in a blanket of ash and volcanic pumice — victims of the worst volcanic disaster of the 20th century.

The post “The Last Days Of Martinique”: Rare Portraits Of Martinique Residents Before The Deadly Volcano Eruption In 1902 appeared first on Design You Trust.

SOURCE: https://designyoutrust.com/2018/05/the-last-days-of-martinique-rare-portraits-of-martinique-residents-before-the-deadly-volcano-eruption-in-1902/

[ このページを翻訳 ]


no title



SOURCE: http://karapaia.com/archives/52260524.html

剛力彩芽、謝罪のすっぴん姿を投稿し騒然・・ 「過去のインスタはすべて削除します」

女優・剛力彩芽(25)が22日夜、自身のインスタグラムを更新。ファッション通販サイト「ZOZOTOWN」を運営するスタートトゥデイの前澤友作社長(42)との交際について改めて説明。過去のインスタ投稿を「すべて削除」することを伝えた・・ 続きを読む

SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/9876739.html

I’m a cat parent meow! Been waiting over 10 years for this…

I’m a cat parent meow! Been waiting over 10 years for this day <3 (Source: https://ift.tt/2uEUsB2)

SOURCE: http://awwww-cute.tumblr.com/post/176159616200

Cats dressed for the rain (Source: https://ift.tt/2LdEbxf)

Cats dressed for the rain (Source: https://ift.tt/2LdEbxf)

SOURCE: http://awwww-cute.tumblr.com/post/176158621378

さんま、剛力彩芽のW杯観戦に愚痴 資産発表に「そういうことをいう男を好きになる気持ちがわからない・・」

この日、剛力と交際している前澤友作社長の資産が5000億を超えるという話が出ると、さんまは声を落として「そういうことをいう男の子を好きになる気持ちが全くわからない」とボヤキ・・ 続きを読む

SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/9876384.html





SOURCE: http://karapaia.com/archives/52262705.html

本田圭佑、批判へのリプ返しが素晴らしすぎるww 投稿ツイートに感動の声あふれる

流石世界のケイスケホンダ。 続きを読む

SOURCE: http://blog.livedoor.jp/gunbird/archives/9876500.html

DCN Video Pick: Waiting – Alaskan Tapes by Andrew De Zen // 1/3….

DCN Video Pick: Waiting - Alaskan Tapes by Andrew De Zen // 1/3. Birth What am I if I cannot bear fruit? The woman asked herself. God did not answer. For he did not have an answer. Who am I if I cannot be your mother? https://tv.booooooom.com/2018/07/05/premiere-alaskan-tapes-waiting/ https://directorsnotes.com/2018/07/05/andrew-de-zen-waiting/ Alaskan Tapes “Waiting” / You Were Always An Island New album out now: https://alaskantapes.bandcamp.com/album/you-were-always-an-island Starring: Anja Savcic, Chantal Ouellette Written & Directed by: Andrew De Zen Producer: Kristoff Duxbury Prod Company: Boldly Production Designer: Brodie Kitchen Cinematographer: Cole Graham Editorial: Outsider Editor: Michael Barker 1st Assistant Camera: Mikael Bidard 2nd Assistant Camera: Bruno Souza Steadicam Operator: Jay Clennan Gaffer: Chase Fletcher Grip: Aadi Bhandari Swing: Wes Chew Special Effects: Yorke Graham Location Recordist: Anton Thomas Wardrobe: Roxy Jack Hair & Make Up: Jessica Ratterman Sound Design: Brady Kendall Colour/VFX: Alter Ego Colourist: Clinton Homuth Special Thanks: Panavision Kodak Reel Good Film Boldly BC Film Commission Mels

SOURCE: http://motioncollector.com/post/176156580506

Angus absolutely hates his bath. A little peanut butter and he…

Angus absolutely hates his bath. A little peanut butter and he hardly notices. In fact, he has no idea there’s a bath involved. (Source: https://ift.tt/2O6FVq0)

SOURCE: http://awwww-cute.tumblr.com/post/176156008873




 心地よい適温の部屋+ソファってのは人間だけじゃなく動物たちも夢の世界に連れて行ってくれちゃうようだ。ソファで極楽、からのドテッを見せてくれた犬の一部始終を見て見てよう。 続きを読む

SOURCE: http://karapaia.com/archives/52262711.html